Study Guide: The Temple and the Jewish Law

Updated Thursday 1/23/2014

Bring Ehrman and the Josephus and Dead Sea Scrolls readings from last time to class. You do not need to bring your bibles. If you didn’t read the bible passages from last time, please do. In a print bible, look for the correct book (for example, Psalms). Psalms 2 means read Chapter 2 of the Psalms. Each book of the bible is divided into chapters (BIG numbers on the page). Each chapter into verses (small numbers on the page). So, 2 Samuel 7:1-17 means the book is 2 Samuel, the chapter is Chapter 7, and the verses are 1-17. If you search at bible.oremus.org, type 2 Samuel 7:1-17 into the search box; select New Revised Standard Version for the version.

Important Names, Terms for Exams 
Josephus
Sadducees
Pharisees
Essenes
Dead Sea Scrolls
covenant
Torah
Law
Temple
Aramaic
Greek
Koine Greek
Apollonius of Tyana
Honi the Circle-Drawer

Map Locations for Exam
Jerusalem
Rome
Galilee
Judea
Qumran and the Dead Sea

Discussion Questions
According to the article in the JANT, what was the role of the Jewish Law in early Jewish life? Did the ancient Jewish people feel positively or negatively about the Law?

 

 

Why do you think it is so important for Levine (in the “Common Misconceptions” article) to address common misconceptions about early Judaism? What is at stake in this conversation?

 

 

 

What are the most common misconceptions, according to Levine, and do/did you hold any of them before reading this article?

 

 

Based on the chapter in Ehrman you read for LAST TIME on Judaism and the reading by Josephus, what happened during the destruction of the Temple? What do you think was the impact of the destruction of the Temple on the Jewish people?

 

 

 

On Ehrman Chapter 4: (Modified from the online textbook companion): Does it seem possible to you that some of the stories about Jesus were modified as they were told and retold? How did that happen or could that have happened? Why would they have been changed? What kind of changes might have been made?