Study Guide: Diversities of Judaism

Important Names, Terms for Exams
(We’ll discuss some of these in the next class session.)
Septuagint
Josephus
Sadducees
Pharisees
Zealots
Sicarii
Essenes
Dead Sea Scrolls
Herod the Great
Herod Antipas
apocalypticism
covenant
diaspora
Maccabeans
messiah
Torah
covenant
Law
Temple
bar Cochba revolt
synagogue

Map Locations for Exam
Jerusalem
Rome
Galilee
Judea
Qumran and the Dead Sea

Important Dates
63 BCE – Rome conquers Palestine
4 BCE – birth of Jesus
30 CE – death of Jesus
66-70 CE – first Jewish revolt
70 CE – destruction of the Temple in Jerusalem
132-135 – Second Jewish revolt/bar Cochba revolt

Discussion Questions
Why do you think it is so important for Levine (in the “Common Misconceptions” article) to address common misconceptions about early Judaism? What is at stake in this conversation?

 

 

What are the most common misconceptions, according to Levine, and do/did you hold any of them before reading this article?

 

 

Similarly, how is Ehrman’s description of Judaism in the first century BCE through the second century CE different from what you thought ancient Judaism was?

 

 

 

How did the crises during Hellenistic times split the Jewish people into different groups? How do these groups reflect the various ways people respond to domination: resistance, isolation, acceptance, etc.?

 

 

 

 

 

Some of the material in this study guide has been adapted from Ehrman’s textbooks and supplementary materials.